Montalcino, the town in the province of Siena, has 5139 inhabitants.
The history of Montalcino
Montalcino is situated to the south of Siena and to the west of Pienza, along the Via Francigena.
It`s small town on a hill, inhabited probably in Etruscan times.
The birth of Montalcino is traced back around X century, when the looting and invasions perpetrated by the barbarians in the hinterland and the Saracens in the cities of the coast, forced the inhabitants of these centers to find a more secure within the region.
The first document which speaks of Montalcino dated from 29.December 814, when the Emperor Ludovico il Pio had granted the territory on Mount Lucini to the abbot of the nearby Abbey of Sant`Antimo.
Due to its strategic location, Montalcino became in 1100 a stronghold of the Republic of Siena that fortified with strong walls on the occasion of the war of against Orvieto and Montepulciano. Until the first half of the XIII century, Siena and Florence alternated in the domination of this center; in 1211 an agreement was concluded between the Abbot of Sant`Antimo, Siena and the inhabitants of Montalcino, which involved the sale of part of Montalcino in Siena territory.
In 1252 Montalcino is again free by the Siena domination and allied with the Florentines, that the siege successfully defended place by Sienese overrunning of the town. The situation thus emerged definitively with the battle of Montaperti (September 4 th 1260), which was won by the Tuscan Ghibelline coalition led by Siena against the Florentine Guelphs, in consequence of which Montalcino entered definitively within the orbit of the Sienese influence.
Siena transformed Montalcino in an important defensive stronghold with the construction of the mighty fortress, built in 1361 and arrived intact up to us, which overlooks a territory that extends from Mount Amiata, across the Crete to Siena, and passes through the whole of Val d’Orcia up to the hills of Maremma.
In 1462 Montalcino was elevated to the rank of town and erected a Diocese together with Pienza, by Pope Pius II Piccolomini.
In 1553 the town underwent the last great siege of its history by the militia of Charles V, allied of the Medici and led by Don Garcia of Toledo. After the fall of Siena, in 1555, the Sienese nobles were castled in town for 4 years, with the hope of one day returning to Siena, giving life to the Republic of Siena in repaired Montalcino.
In 1559 Montalcino was finally annexed to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, which from then on the town followed the events up to the annexation to the Kingdom of Italy, occurred with the plebiscite of 1860
Monuments and places of interest
- Cathedral of Montalcino
- Abbey of di St.Antimo
- Abbey Ardenga
- Parish Church of St. Blasé and Donate
- Parish Church of St. Philip and James
- The Church of St. Michele
- Convent of the Observance
- The Church of the Whites
- The Church of Corpus Christi
- The Church of Our Lady of Rescue
- The Church of St. Francis
- The Church of St. Lorenzo in San Pietro
- The Church of St. Augustine
- The Church of St. Anthony Abbot
- The Church of St.Egidio
- The Church of the Holy Cross
- The Church of the Holy Mary of Grace
- Former Hospital of the Holy Mary of the Cross
- Parish Church of St. Sigismund at knoll walls
- The Church of Our Lady of Mercy
- Parish Church of the St. Michael the Archangel
- Parish Church of St.Restitute
- The Church of St. Mary Magdalene in Torrenieri
- Oratory of the Company of St. Rock
- The Fortress
- The assembled Museums
- Theatre of abstruse
- Palace of the Priors
Culture and society
The town of Montalcino has become rich and famous thanks to the Brunello, one of the best Italian wines and among the most appreciated in the world. The precious formula of Brunello was invented in 1888 by Ferruccio Biondi Santi, who first came up with the idea of eliminating the vines of the traditional recipe of Chianti, like Canaiolo and Colorino, using only the varieties Sangiovese.
Among the local traditions worth to be mentioning are the Thrush Festival, which is held on the last Sunday of October as well as the Tournament of opening of the hunts, every August.
Among the cultural events we would include Jazz & Wine Festival, held every July in the fortress, it’s an event which perfectly combines the pleasure of listening to jazz, both Italian and international, together with very good vine to drink.
Montalcino is the seat of the Company Archers of Montalcino, which has achieved, February 2 nd 2014, seven Italian titles, both Indoor and Targa, all with the members of his tam compound, and most times its components have been called to be part of the National Italian Archery in the most important international competitions.
Find out where to stay in Montalcino.